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آموزش زبان انگلیسی
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یکشنبه 19 تیر‌ماه سال 1384

Weather Vocabulary

 

 

Word
Part of speech

Meaning

Example Sentence

airconditioner/airconditioning
noun

an appliance that cools down the air in a home or building

The airconditioner keeps the office nice and comfortable even when it's very hot outside.

avalanche
noun

a dangerous slide of snow down a mountain

The skiers were warned about a possible avalanche.

below freezing
preposition/adjective

temperature less than 0 degrees Celsius/(32F)

It's supposed to go below freezing before the weekend.

blizzard
noun

a storm with lots of snow and wind

The airplane couldn't take-off because of the blizzard.

boiling hot
adjective + noun

common expression for describing a very hot day

It was boiling hot, so we all jumped into the lake.

breeze
noun

light wind

Don't bother with a hat. There is always a breeze near the ocean.

Celsius
noun

measurement of temperature (0 degrees is freezing/100 is boiling)

In the summer, the average temperature here is 20 degrees Celsius.

chilly
adjective

cold

It's a bit chilly today, so I think you should wear a coat.

clear
adjective

when the sky is blue because no clouds are blocking the sun

On a clear night you can see a lot of stars.

cloud/cloudy
noun/adjective

water in the sky that appears as a white or grey mass

It may look cloudy in the morning, but the sun always comes out by afternoon.

cold spell
adjective + noun

a period of colder than average weather

They're calling for a cold spell, so we put off our camping trip.

cool
adjective

temperature in between warm and cold

The days were boiling hot, but the nights were cool and comfortable for sleeping.

degrees
noun

measurement for temperature

I don't feel the heat until it's about forty degrees Celsius outside.

drizzling
continuous verb

raining slightly

I think I'll take the dog for a walk. It's only drizzling now.

drought
noun

a long period with no rainfall

Forest fires are a serious danger during a drought.

Fahrenheit
noun

measurement of temperature (32 degrees is freezing/212 is boiling)

It was 100 degrees Fahrenheit when we got to San Francisco.

flood
noun

overflow of rain water

The flood was so bad, our basement was full of water.

flurries
noun

very light snowfall

There are a few flurries but the snow isn't sticking to the roads.

fog/foggy
noun/adjective

thick water vapor that blocks one's vision

We couldn't see the bridge because there was too much fog.

forecast
noun/verb

the expected weather for the future

According to the 5 day forecast, it's going to rain on our wedding day.

freezing cold
adjective + noun

common expression used to describe a very cold day

It was a freezing cold day for the Santa Claus parade.

frost
noun

ice crystals on a frozen surface

Some flowers are so strong they can withstand frost.

frostbite
noun

a skin condition caused by over exposure to the cold (typically reddish skin with white spots)

I lost my hat while I was skiing, and I ended up with frostbite on my ears.

hail
noun

small pieces of ice that fall during a storm

There was so much hail that some of the trailer homes were destroyed.

heat stroke
noun

a flu-like condition one can acquire after spending too long in the sun

Bring lots of water and wear a hat to avoid heat stroke in this weather.

heat-wave
noun

extremely hot weather that is much higher than average--usually lasts a short time

During the heat-wave we cooled our beds down with ice packs.

humid/humidity
adjective/noun

moisture in the air

It feels a lot hotter than it actually is because of the humidity.

hurricane
noun

a tropical storm with very strong wind and rain

Half of the buildings on the island were flattened by the hurricane.

icy
adjective

slippery because of ice

The roads are icy so please avoid driving down any hills.

lightning
noun

electric flash caused by two clouds hitting

The outdoor pool always closes when the lifeguards suspect lightning.

mild
adjective

temperature that is warmer than average(in a cold season)

It's quite mild out so I didn't bother with a hat or mittens.

meteorologist
noun

a person who studies weather patterns

The meteorologist predicted that the cold spell would be over by now.

minus/negative
adjective

indicates that a temperature is below zero

It was minus twenty degrees at the top of the skil hill.

overcast
adjective

no sun is visible

The sky is overcast this morning, but the sun is supposed to come out by late afternoon.

partly cloudy
adverb + adjective

term often used in a weather forecast to indicate that the skies are sunny and cloudy at the same time

Tomorrow's forecast is partly cloudy with clear skies by nightfall.

precipitation
noun

rain or snow that falls on an area

There is very little precipitation in the desert.

puddle
noun

collection of rain water

Children love to splash in puddles when they are wearing rubber boots.

rain/raining/rainy
noun/continuous verb/adjective

water that falls to earth

My hair is all wet and messy from the rain.

raindrop
noun

a single measurement of rain

I love catching raindrops on my tongue.

rainbow
noun

a band of colours found in the sky after a rainfall

According to legend you can find a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow.

raining cats and dogs
idiom

raining heavily

They cancelled the football game because it was raining cats and dogs.

scorching/a scorcher
adjective/noun

extremely hot temperature/a very hot day

It was a scorcher, so the whole family slept in the cool basement.

season
noun

time of year characterized by certain weather
Winter,Spring,Summer,Fall (or Autumn)

My favorite season is Fall, because I love to watch the leaves changing colours.

shower
noun

quick/light rainstorm

They've been calling for showers all week, but so far it's been dry.

sleet(similar to hail)
noun

rain that freezes as it falls

All-weather-tires are best if you have to drive in sleet.

slush/slushy
noun/adjective

snow on the ground that has been rained on

The snow turned to slush as soon as it started to rain.

smog
noun

heavy,dark cloud cover caused by pollution

You really notice the smog downtown in this type of humidity.

snow/snowy/snowing
noun/adjective/ continuous verb

frozen water that warms slightly as it falls to earth

It is already snowing up in the mountains, so the ski season should be great this year.

snowstorm
noun

large amounts of wind and snow

All of the schools were closed because of the snowstorm.

sun/sunshine/sunny
noun/noun/adjective

the gassy star that warms the earth

We hope to have sunshine on the day of the beach picnic.

sunburn
noun

painful red/pink skin caused by being in the sun too long

The bald man got a sunburn on his head.

sunglasses/shades
noun

dark eyewear that protects you from the sun

I forgot my shades and I was driving right into the sun.

suntan/tanned
noun(also verb)/adjective(also verb)

brown/golden skin caused by long periods of sun exposure

I got a suntan on the cruise, but it has already faded away.

sunscreen/suntan lotion
noun

cream that protects your skin from sun damage

Don't forget to reapply your sunscreen when you get out of the lake.

temperature
noun

how warm or cold the air is

Can you check the temperature before we get dressed for our walk?

thermometer
noun

instrument for measuring the temperature of the air

When I checked the temperature this morning, the thermometer said it was already thirty degrees Celsius.

thunder/thunderstorm
noun

the crashing of clouds (often followed by a strike of lightning and heavy rain)

Let's close all of the windows. It looks like a thunderstorm is coming.

tornado/cyclone
noun

violently spinning windstorm

The tornado picked up everything in its path, including animals and cars.

umbrella
noun

held over one's head and body for rain protection

I always keep an umbrella in my car in case of rain.

UV (ultra violet) rays
noun

the damaging rays from the sun

Ultra violet rays can cause skin cancer if you don't wear sunscreen.

wind/windy
noun/adjective

blowing air outside

It's too windy to play golf today.

wind chill factor
noun

when the wind makes the air feel colder than the actual temperature

It's minus two, but with the wind chill factor it's minus fifteen.

 


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