اصطلاحات و سختی در یادگیری آنها:
یادگیری اکثر اصطلاحات کمی دشوار می باشد چون معنی آنها آنچه که به نظر میرسند نمی باشند. بعضی از آنها آسان هستند و بعضی از آنها هم دشوار. امروز به یادگیری بعضی از اصطلاحات می پردازیم:
Idioms are difficult to understand because their meaning is not what it appears to be at first sight. Some are easier to guess when they have some association with the original meaning of the individual words.
Thus, the meaning of once in a blue moon is not too difficult to guess. Blue moons do not appear in the sky very frequently so we may guess (correctly) that this means very rarely.
معنی اصطلاح once in a blue moon را خیلی به آسانی می توان فهمید. چون آسمان آبی در آسمان به ندرت دیده میشود،معنی اصطلاح نادر بودن می با شد.
But what about on cloud nine as in:
اما در مورد اصطلاح on cloud nine را چگونه باید فهمید؟
What does this mean? There are no clues here.
بعضی وقتها می توان معنی این اصطلاحات را در جملات تشخیص داد. اما به هر حال باید معانی این اصطلاحات را در یک دیکشنری معتبر چک کنید.
Sometimes the context will help us to understand the meaning:
- Charlotte had just been offered a job with a modelling agency when I saw her, so, of course, she was on cloud nine.
However, to be quite sure, we may need to check the meaning in a good dictionary or idioms reference book.
اصطلاحات دیگر را امتحان کنید.
Every cloud has a silver lining.
Let’s try to understand the meaning of this idiom or proverb.
Literally, it is clearly not the case that every cloud has a silvery edge or a silver lining. But think of dark clouds behind which the sun is hidden. As a cloud comes out from behind the dark clouds into a bright blue sky, it is edged with a silvery lining.
Thus we are moving from relative darkness into bright light and the meaning of the idiom becomes clear, i.e. even if things look very bad, there must be some good outcome as well.
Here are some other informal expressions involving clouds or sky.
Over the moon / On cloud nine: if you are over the moon or on cloud nine, you are both happy and excited.
Blue skies: a very informal and rather unusual way of ending a letter. It means 'I hope all will go well for you in the future' or 'I hope the sun will shine for you'.
To have one's head in the clouds: to be out of touch with reality; to be a dreamer or an idealist; to be too concerned with your own hopes and ideals.
Pie in the sky: something which is promised or planned but is most unlikely to happen.
A cloud on the horizon: some sort of threat or bad thing which may happen sooner or later.
Under a cloud: if you are under a cloud, people have a poor or unfavourable opinion of you.
Look at the following examples and see if you can think up other sentences using these idioms.
- When he heard that he had won the lottery, he was over the moon.
- Emma passed her exam last week so she is on cloud nine. I have never seen her so happy.
- With all my good wishes for a speedy recovery.
- He may be a idealist, but you couldn’t accuse him of having his head in the clouds all the time!
- When the government says that next year there will be no waiting lists for hospital treatment, we all know that is pie in the sky.
- My company is doing well at the moment, but the international economic recession is a real cloud on the horizon.
- After he caused the accident, Peter was under a cloud for several weeks.